Nymphenburg Castle (Germany)
Bavaria See list of castles in Germania
Nymphenburg Palace, or "castle of the Nymphs", is a Baroque palace in Monaco of Bavaria. The palace, in the center of a vast park to the French, was the summer residence of the kings of Bavaria.
The design of the building was commissioned by the pair of Electors Ferdinand Maria and Henriette Adelaide of Savoy to the Italian architect Agostino Barelli in 1664, following the birth of their son Max Emanuel. The central pavilion was completed in 1675.
Starting from 1701, Max Emanuel, the heir of Bavaria, led a systematic extension of the palace. two pavilions were added, in the south and in the north wing of the palace of Barelli, by architects Enrico Zuccalli and Giovanni Antonio Viscardi. Later, the southern part of the building was further extended to form the court stables. To balance, it was added the Orangerie in the north. Finally, a big circle (Schlossrondell) with Baroque palaces (the so-called Kavaliershäuschen - the lodges of the rider), was built by the son of Max Emanuel the future emperor of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII.
Joseph Effner redesigned the façade of the central pavilion in the French Baroque style in 1716. In 1726 Leo von Klenze removed its gables with the electorate emblem and created for them a penthouse directly under the roof.
With the Nymphenburg Treaty, concluded in July 1741, Carlo Alberto was allied with France and Spain against Austria.
For a long time, the palace was the favorite summer residence of the rulers of Bavaria. King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria died there in 1825, and his great-grandson King Ludwig II was born here in 1845.