Fagaras Citadel (Romania)
Transylvania See list of castles in Romania
Fourteen century castle/ fortress, used by Romanian, Austrian and Hungarian princes as defense stronghold against the Ottomans.
In the 16th century, Romanian prince Michael the Brave united the 3 Romanian principalities of Vallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania into a unitary Romanian state. Fagaras citadel became his home. However, in 1601 Michael was assassinated at the order of Austrian prince, who wanted to maintain control over Transylvania. His wife Lady Stanca was kept a prisoner in the castle, where she died 2 years later.
A bust was built in the memory of Lady Stanca near Fagaras castle, with the following words written below:
“Aici a suferit toate umilinţele şi ameninţările, pentru că a cerut dreptate neamului său, chinuita şi apoi veşnic nemângâiata soţie a lui Mihai Viteazul”
“Here is where the tortured and eternally inconsolable wife of Michael the Brave suffered all the humiliations and threats for demanding justice for her people”
After Transylvania fell under Austrian rule, the castle became a military fortification and prison.