Bodrum Castle (Turkey)
Aegean Region See list of castles in Turchia
A place of Bodrum that no visitor to this great city should miss is the famous Bodrum Castle, which overlooks the harbor and international marina. This castle was built by the Knights of Rhodes in the 15th century, during the Crusades of the Middle Ages, and was given the name of St. Petrus Castle, or Petronium.
Another big blue sea view from the top of Bodrum Castle which occupies over 30,000 square feet to its base, the construction of this castle took years to complete. The castle was built in part on the left remains of the Mausoleum of Mausolus, who had collapsed due to an earthquake. The huge external walls were designed in the early 15th century by the German architect Heinrich Schlegelholt and have been strengthened by five towers generally known as the English tower, the Italian Tower, the German tower, the French tower and the Snake tower . The French castle tower is thought to be the oldest one with the other that is added in the course of the next century. After the French La Torre Italian tower was built in 1436 by Italian architect Angelo Mascettola. The final parts of the castle were built at the time of Pierre d'Aubusson between 1476 and 1593, with the English tower to be added to about 1480. The towers of the castle of St. Peter, Bodrum The walls of the castle of Bodrum contains almost 250 crests and coats of arms of many of the riders we needed. Captured in 1522 by the Ottomans during the reign of Kanuni Sultan Suleyman, the castle church was converted into a mosque.
Bodrum Castle is similar to a square plan. The size of the castle are 590 x 606 feet (180 × 185 m), and is the highest point is 155.8 feet (47.5 m) above sea level. The entrance to the castle is through the first port located in the northwest corner. There are seven doors before reaching the inner castle. The north and west sides are double-walled. The thick wall structure with a pitched roof in the west is a small fort cannon. All the towers and various places in the Bodrum Castle have been converted into exhibition halls for the Underwater Archaeological Museum.
The Bodrum Castle is open to the public and is home to considerable Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology, and also houses several Turkish cultural festivals throughout the year.